don't use "words to avoid" with regular folks

Words to avoid in your investment communications with regular folks

Big words make your readers work harder to grasp your message. This is particularly true of jargon, such as “duration,” unless your piece is strictly for investment professionals.

Below are some words to avoid when communicating with regular folks. Most of them are financial jargon. Others—like “mitigate“—are unnecessarily long or confusing. Replace jargon and long words with shorter, less technical words that pack more punch. They also make it easier for readers to absorb your message.

  • Accommodative monetary policy
  • Active share
  • Alpha
  • Barbell
  • Basis points
  • Beat, when used as a noun to refer to beating analyst forecasts
  • Bet
  • Comp
  • Conditional value at risk (CVAR)
  • Constructive, as in “we are constructive on small-cap stocks”
  • Contango
  • Convexity
  • CorrectionCorrection means something different to individuals than to investment professionals
  • De-gross
  • Disseminate
  • Downside deviation
  • Drawdown
  • Duration
  • Ecosystem
  • Efficient frontier
  • Ex-, as in “ex-Japan”
  • Expected return
  • Exposure
  • Flight to quality
  • Growth wall
  • Headwinds/tailwinds
  • Inverted yield curve
  • Kurtosis and other statistical terms (copula, eigenvectors, semi-deviation, subadditivity, etc.)
  • Leverage
  • Levered names
  • Liquidity
  • Long/short
  • Mean-variance optimization
  • Mitigate
  • Modern Portfolio Theory
  • Monte Carlo analysis
  • Orthogonal, which apparently is used to mean “uncorrelated,” although that doesn’t appear in the dictionary definition of the word
  • Pricing power
  • Rerate
  • Reversion to the mean
  • Risk assets
  • Risk on/risk off
  • Risk premium
  • Risks to the upside
  • Runway, when not referring to an airport runway
  • Secular
  • Sharpe ratio
  • Size up
  • Spanning a broad risk/return spectrum
  • Spread product—A Google Alert on “spread product” yielded results related to margarine and Vegemite.
  • Spend (as a noun)
  • Stack ranking
  • Tranche
  • Value at risk (VAR)
  • Value traps

On a related note, don’t use acronyms without first defining them. This means words such as AUM, CAGR, CAPM, CLO, DOL, EBITDA, EPS, LIBOR, MBS, MLP, TTM, YOY, and YTD. It’s often best to avoid acronyms completely. I’ve discussed this in “How to capitalize financial acronyms.”

If you’re writing an educational piece for regular folks

It’s okay, even admirable, to educate your regular Jane or Joe investors about complex financial concepts.

When you write to explain technical vocabulary, make sure you:

  • Define your terms using plain language. You can introduce the technical terms and then define them using the techniques in “Plain language: Let’s get parenthetical.”
  • Mention the WIIFM (what’s in it for me) so readers know why they should slog through the explanation.
  • Explain the benefits of the complex financial concept for regular folks. For example, don’t use a multi-billion dollar pension fund as your key example unless your readers are participants in a similar plan.
  • Use analogies, where possible, because they’ll stick in your readers’ minds better than dry explanations.

Must you bore sophisticates?

You may worry that your content will bore sophisticated readers if you go easy on technical vocabulary. No, you won’t. Not if you do it right.

Read “How to make one quarterly letter fit clients at different levels of sophistication” for my take on how to keep everybody happy.

If you’re communicating with other investment professionals

Some jargon is okay if your communications go exclusively to other investment professionals. In that context, jargon can act as a kind of shorthand. For example, “basis points” can be used in a way that’s more precise than “percent.” “Spread product” is more concise than the definition of “spread product.”

However, if you’re targeting institutional investors, don’t assume that they’re all sophisticated consumers of investment content. An investment committee, for example, can include less sophisticated members.

Still, there’s no need to make your professional communications overly complex or wordy.

Your suggestions for words to avoid?

If you can suggest words to avoid in your investment communications, please share them in an email or social media post to me.


Updates: I updated this on April 6, 2017, and Dec. 20, 2019 to add words suggested by my readers. I also updated on Dec. 16 and Dec. 23, 2019; Jan. 2, 2020;  Jan 29, 2021; July 27, 2023; March 3, 2024. I appreciate the support of my readers. Thank you!

Image courtesy of Sira Anamwong at

10 replies
  1. Theresa Hamacher
    Theresa Hamacher says:

    I’d add “correction.” Somehow, I don’t think that most people would agree that a decline in prices is a “correction.” They’d say that market values declined, fell or dipped, but not that they “corrected.”

  2. Susan Weiner, CFA
    Susan Weiner, CFA says:

    Here’s another to drop, “ex,” as in “Asia ex-Japan.” A regular person may ask “Does that mean that Japan is no longer part of Japan?” Well, in a sense it does, but why not say “Asia, except for Japan” when communicating with the general public?

  3. Dan Sondhelm
    Dan Sondhelm says:

    Great article and feedback from others. I teach portfolio maangers to not say anything to do with a “bet” or “exposure.” Let’s leave bets to blackjack and while music exposure for a child Is positive, exposure on chicken pox is not. Say we are finding opportunity instead.

  4. Suzanne Wagner
    Suzanne Wagner says:

    I hate the overuse of “leverage,” when “make the most of” or “take advantage of” works just fine.

  5. Harriett Magee
    Harriett Magee says:

    Great list, Susan! And I agree, Suzanne, that it’s best to avoid leverage with regular readers. How about “lever” as a verb–yes, investments types love it, but it’s not even a real verb unless you’re talking about moving rocks. My experience has been that the more junior the writer, the greater the tendency to load on the jargon and technical terms.
    “Seasoned” investment professionals immediately make me think of steaks. And we’re not fooling anyone when we call performance “suboptimal.” It’s just plain poor.
    Susan’s comment on “Spread product” was hilarious. When I lived in Australia, people ate Vegemite sandwiches with their morning coffee, always with skinny white bread. More nutritious that a jelly doughnut, right?

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